Depression is a common mental health condition that causes symptoms of profound sadness and loneliness. People of any age and from any socioeconomic background may experience depression at some point in their lives.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), depression affects more than 264 million people worldwide.
This article will discuss how depression affects different groups of people, which other conditions it can occur with, and its economic impact on society as a whole.
Although anyone can experience depression, some individuals and groups are more likely to develop the condition than others. Depression may also affect people of different demographics in different ways.
The following sections will look at these groups in more detail.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) state that 3.2% of children aged 3–17 years have depression.
Children with depression may also experience additional mental health conditions. For example, according to the CDC, 73.8% of children aged 3–17 years who had depression also had anxiety, while 47.2% also had behavioral problems.
In 2017, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) found that approximately 7.1% of adults in the United States had experienced at least one major depressive episode in the space of a year.
Among the adults who responded to the survey, 13.1% were aged 18–25 years, meaning that this age group was most at risk of experiencing depression.
The NSDUH also noted that 11.3% of adults with mixed ethnic backgrounds experienced at least one major depressive episode during 2017. This was higher than in people of other ethnicities who responded to the survey.
The NSDUH survey from 2017 noted that 5.3% of males had experienced at least one major depressive episode.
Additionally, a study from 2015 found that in 2010–2013, 3.5% of adult U.S. males reported having daily feelings of depression, while less than half of them sought treatment for their conditions.
The NSDUH survey from 2017 noted that 8.7% of females had experienced at least one major depressive episode.
Statistically, females are twice as likely to receive a diagnosis of depression than males. Research indicates that female hormone fluctuations may trigger depression, but further studies are required to confirm this.
Females are also at risk of depression after pregnancy, with 1 in 9 experiencing postpartum depression.
It is also important to note that environmental factors, such as socioeconomic disadvantage and gender-based violence, can also influence depression in females.
People who have certain health conditions or illnesses may be more likely to experience depression than those who do not.
If someone has received a poor prognosis or they have painful or difficult symptoms, this may affect their mood over a period of time, resulting in depression.
The following sections will look at some health conditions that may occur alongside depression.
The American Cancer…